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Ladies, Is It Time for a Medical Check-Up?

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How frequently do women aged 18 – 39 need to go for health screenings?

Blood Pressure Screening

Have your blood pressure checked every 2 years.

If the top number (systolic number) is between 120 – 139, or the bottom number (diastolic number) is between 80 – 89 mm Hg, you should have it checked every year.
If the top number is greater than 140 or the bottom number is greater than 90, schedule an appointment with your doctor.

If you have diabetes, heart disease, kidney problems, or certain other conditions, you may need to have your blood pressure checked more often.

Cholesterol Screening

If you are between ages 20 – 45, you should be screened if you have a higher risk for heart disease. In healthy women, screening will begin at age 45.

If you have diabetes, heart disease, kidney problems, or certain other conditions, you may need to be monitored more closely.

Diabetes Screening

If your blood pressure is above 135/80 mm Hg, your provider will test your blood sugar level for diabetes.

If you have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 and have other risk factors for diabetes, you should be screened.

Having a BMI over 25 means that you are overweight.

Dental Exam

Go to the dentist every year for an exam and cleaning.

Eye Exam

If you have vision problems, have an eye exam every 2 years.

Breast Self-Exam and Mammogram

Screening mammogram is not recommended for most women under age 40.
If you have a mother or sister who had breast cancer at a younger age, or you have other risk factors for breast cancer, your provider may recommend a mammogram, breast ultrasound, or MRI scan.
Contact your doctor right away if you notice a change in your breasts, whether or not you do breast self-exams.

If you are between ages 20 – 40, your provider may do a complete breast exam every 3 years.

Pelvic Exam and Pap Smear

Beginning at age 21, women should have a pelvic exam and Pap smear every 3 years to check for cervical cancer.

If you are over age 30 or your Pap smear and HPV test are normal, you only need a Pap smear every 5 years.
If you have had your uterus and cervix removed (total hysterectomy), you do not need to have Pap smears.

Warning – it is best to seek medical advice from a certified medical practitioner regarding any query or ailment.

Source: http://www.nlm.nih.gov